Free Shipping on All Domestic Orders view details

Call us Today! 1-800-669-0953

Indian Cents

The Indian cent or Indian Head penny was designed by James Barton Longacre and began production in 1859 following the Flying Eagle cent. Made of copper, these iconic one-cent coins remained in circulation until 1909. The cent was very popular in America’s postwar period and with the invention of coin-operated machines, and features a few rare and valuable dates and conditions for collection.

Explore L&C Coins’ wide selection of Indian head cents today to begin or grow your unique collection. Perfect for beginners and seasoned collectors alike, these 1859-1909 coins allow you to own a piece of American history.

View as Grid List

Items 1-11 of 510

Set Descending Direction
Page
per page

The History of Indian Head Pennies

Origin

The Indian Head cent (or Indian Head penny) was a one-cent coin produced from 1859 to 1909. This iconic one-cent coin was created to replace the Flying Eagle, which was causing production difficulties due to opposing high points on the obverse and reverse. Indian cents were hoarded in the 1862-1864 economic downturn caused by the American Civil War, became popular during the postwar period, and became quite sought-after again with the invention of coin-operated machines in the late 19th century. 

1909 was the final year of Indian Head cent production, before the coin was replaced by the Lincoln cent — America’s current one-cent coin. 

Design

The Indian Head penny was designed in 1858 by James Barton Longacre, the Chief Engraver at the Philadelphia Mint and the designer of this coin’s predecessor, the Flying Eagle cent. Mint director James Ross Snowden chose the laurel wreath reverse design due to its lower relief — perfect for achieving a great strike. 

In 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt wrote to the Treasury enquiring about a redesign of many US coins that he felt lacked “artistic merit.” In the following years, various coins including the Double Eagle, Eagle, and Half Eagle were redesigned. 

In 1908, sculptor Victor David Brenner was hired by Mint director Frank A. Leach to design a replacement for the Indian Head penny. 1909 was the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birth, and so his head was chosen to be featured on the new penny’s obverse.

 

Choose L&C Coins to Expand Your Collection

Founded in 1974, L&C Coins is a family owned and operated Southern California business created by coin collectors for coin collectors. Our expertise and long history in the industry have made us a well-known and reputable source for authentic, quality coins. 

When you shop our expansive coin collection, you’ll enjoy free shipping on all standard orders, and express shipping on orders over $25. Have questions about how to create your ultimate coin collection? Reach out to the coin experts at L&C Coins today. We’re here to help. 

 

Frequently-Asked Questions

What years are the most valuable Indian Head pennies?

Some of the most valuable Indian cents are the 1877 Indian Head Cent, the 1864 Indian cent: L on ribbon, the 1869 Indian cent, and the 1888 Indian cent: Last 8 over 7. 

What makes Indian cents produced during those years so rare?

The “Indian cent: With L” refers to an “L” marking behind the hair of the figure’s neck which began to appear in 1864. The 1877 Indian Head cent is one of the most rare coins in terms of production numbers, especially in pristine condition. The 1899 and 1869 coins were produced in low numbers, and they can be difficult to find in good condition. Finally, the “1888 Indian cent: Last 8 over 7” refers to an 8 punched over the 7 in an 1887 date. 

Why are Indian cents made of a copper alloy?

Originally, the Indian Head pennies’ predecessor (the Flying Eagle) was composed of 12% nickel and 88% copper. Later, when cents were hoarded during the American Civil War and nickel was in short supply, Mint officials passed the Coinage Act of 1864 and authorized a slimmer cent composed of bronze alloy.

Copyright © 2022 L&C Coins. All rights reserved.